Stage, early February 2023 in United States

  • early February: Camberwell Beauty (Nymphalis antiopa)
    United StatesUnited States /PicturesNA/Misc/snow_16_16_edc401.png rare, hibernating
    /PicturesNA/ButterflyLogos/Nymphalis_antiopa_logo_36_26.png
    Butterfly (hibernating)
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Sunbathing Camberwell Beauty (Nymphalis antiopa) on a Birch (Betula) trunk

You have seen a Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty? Congratulation!

Your interest in this beautiful, rare and shy butterfly was awakened?

Welcome to Trauermantel.de!

At Trauermantel.de you will find everything you need to know about the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty.

Stories, photos, videos, localities and much more.

Trauermantel (Nymphalis antiopa) bei einer Saftschaummahlzeit

A colorful summer meadow is not one of its favorite places, even if the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty likes to cross some meadows during its flights.

That's because the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty is not addicted to flowers and their nectar. He prefers savory food: The droppings and sweat of some animals, including fully mature fruits. And it especially likes the sap from trees.

Find out more here: Behaviour (Butterfly Food).

The appearance of the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty is unique and inimitable worldwide!

Find out more here: Appearance as Butterfly.

And the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty can grow old! Even very old for a butterfly: A year and sometimes actually some more.

Find out more here: Development (Butterfly Stage).

Überwinterter Trauermantel (Nymphalis antiopa)

During its long lifetime, the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty is exposed to many dangers: These include predators, lack of food, but also too much cold or too much heat. Therefore the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty performs two longer rest periods: One in summer and one in winter.

Find out more here: Behaviour (Aestivation) Behaviour (Hibernation).

In winter the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty mostly loses the yellow colour of it's wing edges. Comparable to people losing the colour of their head hair as they get old. As a result, the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty presents itself in spring with a white border after its hibernation. Until the next generation Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauties with yellow borders appears in summer.

Find out more here: Research about border-color (Outline).

Superdrug Health Beauty, Denmark Hill, Camberwell, London, England

Sometimes the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty does not survive its hibernating: Especially when it's too warm. For this reason, it cannot hibernate on the British Isles. Due to man-made climate change, this is also now a problem for the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty in many other areas.

Find out more here: Distribution in United Kingdom.

Nevertheless the British particularly like their Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty. They even eternalised its first documented locality in EnglandEngland in its British name: Camberwell Beauty

Find out more here: Honouring (Camberwell/London).

Mehrere Trauermantel (Nymphalis antiopa)-Raupen

The Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty doesn't like to stay in one locality, it drives him far away: It can cross entire countries in fast flight.

Find out more here: Behaviour (Migration).

Being a caterpillar, the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty prefers to feed on WillowSalixWillows and BirchBetulaBirches.

Find out more here: Development (Larval Host Plants).

Diese Schlupfwespe (Ichneumonidae) entschlüpfte einer Raupe eines Großen Kohlweislings (Pieris brassicae), die ich als winziges Räupchen zur Weiterzucht ins Haus genommen hat.

Furthermore the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty is on the menu of many other animals. The caterpillars often have to combat with Organism that lives in close association with its host at the host's expense, eventually resulting in the death of the hostParasitoids. That's the reason why only very few Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauties survive the period until leaving the chrysalis.

Find out more here: Behaviour (Defence & Enemies).

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Usually butterflies have six legs. The Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty has only four. The front pair of legs has evolved into cleaning paws. This characteristic is typical to all species of the Brush-footed ButterflyNymphalidaeFour-footed ButterflyBrush-footed Butterflies family.

Find out more here: Appearance as Butterfly (Body).

The closest relative of the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty doesn't look similar at first sight: The Large TortoiseshellNymphalis polychloros (Linnaeus, 1758)Large Tortoiseshell.

Find out more here: Systematics (Phylogeny).

Nymphalis antiopa f. artemis

Sometimes the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty looks very unusual in its butterfly stage: When it was extremely cold or extremely warm during its pupal period.

This fact was recognized around 100 years ago and many varieties of experiments were carried out with the Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty.

Find out more here: Forms/Aberrations and Research about temperature effects (Outline).

The Camberwell BeautyNymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)Mourning CloakCamberwell Beauty is widespread in the northern hemisphere of our earth and subclassifies 6 subspecies.

Nymphalis antiopa ssp. antiopa
Nymphalis antiopa ssp. hyperborea
Nymphalis antiopa ssp. lintnerii
Nymphalis antiopa ssp. borealis
Nymphalis antiopa ssp. yedaluna
Nymphalis antiopa ssp. asopos

Find out more here: Subspecies.